Đọc hiểu báo tiếng Anh với VOA (phần 1)

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Mục đích của chuỗi bài này nhằm giúp các bạn đọc hiểu báo tiếng Anh dễ dàng hơn. Những bài giảng từ VOA sẽ giúp bạn hiểu vai trò của báo chí và cách phân biệt các nguồn tin chính thống với báo lá cải. Từ đó, bạn sẽ tự tin hơn trong việc lựa chọn báo đọc để cập nhật tin tức và nâng cao khả năng dùng tiếng Anh.
Cách học:
Bước 1: Xem video
Bước 2: Xem lại văn bản bên dưới video, đọc hiểu lại những từ khó.
Bước 3: Xem lại video, enjoy.

Transcript:
Today we are at the Newseum in Washington D.C. – where the history of free expression is explained and defended.

The first printing presses arrived in the United States in the mid-1600s, marking an important step in the history of America’s free press.

A free press is important in democratic society. It allows citizens to speak freely and criticize the country’s leaders without fear. Some journalists have even lost their lives for that right.

But, it can also lead to news that is false. Last year, a fake news story about a Washington pizza restaurant went viral, causing a gunman to open fire at the business.

One of the most common terms we hear today is “fake news.” The public and politicians use it to talk about the news reports they do not think are accurate.

While people have paid much attention to the term in recent years, the problem is not new. False news reports have been around since modern journalism started.

Today, information moves around us in many forms, every hour of every day. Even if we do not seek out news on our own, we often receive it anyway, instantly, on our phones.

So how can we manage this mountain of information so that fake news does not mislead us?

We believe this requires news literacy. News literacy is the ability to use critical thinking skills to judge news reports. Are they credible? Can you rely on the reports to be true?

We use real media examples to teach useful skills and methods to recognize journalism over other kinds of information. We examine the differences between facts and what people report in the media as truth.

The course provides tools to identify real and reliable news sources. And, it demonstrates ways to separate news from opinion.

Professors at Stony Brook University in New York created the News Literacy education program. We will share it with you in simple English on VOA Learning English.

The need for news literacy is possibly greater now than ever before. Learning this important skill can give us the power to take full control of our own search for the truth.

Because as we’ve seen many times before, some news presented as truth can actually turn out to be completely false.

Từ khó trong bài:

fake – adj. not true or real

accurate – adj. free from mistakes or errors

mislead – v. to cause someone to believe something that is not true

consumers – n. people who buy things

media – n. television, newspapers and other sources of information

reliable – adj. able to be trusted to do what is necessary

turn out – phrasal verb: prove to be the case

rely on – phrasal verb: to trust someone or something

democratic – adj. relating to or supporting democracy or its principles

expression – n. the action of making known one’s thoughts or feelings

examine – v. inspect (someone or something) thoroughly in order to determine their nature or condition

Nguồn: voanews.com

Khóa học miễn phí giúp bạn giỏi ngôn ngữ báo chí, cải thiện khả năng Anh ngữ học thuật tốt hơn: https://www.coursera.org/learn/news-literacy

Tự làm chủ 7000 từ vựng tiếng Anh cốt lõi sẽ giúp bạn học những bài giảng này đơn giản hơn gấp 10 lần. Luyện IELTS 7.5 trong vòng 1 năm từ con số 0 chỉ là chuyện nhỏ.

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