Từ vựng tiếng Anh nâng cao 2_DIGRESS


Từ vựng tiếng Anh nâng cao 2_DIGRESS

digress /dīˈɡres/, /daɪˈɡrɛs/ (verb)

  1. Definition:

To wander, stray from the point, ramble, deviate, go off in another direction.

Digress comes from the Latin digressus, which comes in turn from the prefix dis-, apart, and gradi, to go, walk, step. Digress means literally to go apart, walk away. From the same Latin source come ingress (IN-gres), the place you walk in, the entrance; and egress (EE-gres), the place you walk out, the exit.

Digress once was used of a physical wandering or turning aside, but that sense is now archaic (ahr-KAY-ik), which means old-fashioned. Today we do not say, “She turned right and digressed down Main Street.” Instead, digress is used of speaking or writing that departs from the main point or subject at hand and wanders off in another direction: “In a business report or an oral presentation, it’s important to stick to the facts and not digress”; “If she hadn’t digressed so much, her lecture would have been more interesting.”
The corresponding noun is digression (di-GRESH-un or dy-GRESH-un): “The old man’s story was full of humorous digressions.”

Elster, C., H. Verbal Advantage: 10 easy steps to a powerful vocabulary.

2. An example from Sherlock Holmes: 


“What sort of a man was he?” asked Sherlock Holmes.

John Rance appeared to be somewhat irritated at this digression. “He was an uncommon drunk sort o’ man,” he said. “He’d ha’ found hisself in the station if we hadn’t been so took up.”

Vietnamese: “Gã đó thuộc loại người như thế nào?” Sherlock Holmes hỏi.

John Rance tỏ ra hơi cáu kỉnh với câu hỏi lạc đề này. “Thuộc loại say quắc cần câu chứ thế nào”, ông ta nói. “Nếu chúng tôi không bận vụ này thì đã lôi hắn về đồn cảnh sát rồi.”

From Arthur Conan Doyle. Sherlock Holmes: A Study in Scarlet (Sherlock Complete Set 1)

3. More examples with audios:

a. https://fraze.it/n_search.jsp?q=digress&l=0

b. https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/us/digress

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